Functional Dry Needling (FDN)/Integrative Dry Needing (IDN)

Intramuscular Stimulation/Intramuscular Manual Therapy (IMT)/Trigger Point Dry Needling (TDN)

Dry Needling was originally developed  in the 1940’s by Janet Travell, MD, former medical adviser to the White House (JFK’s physician).  Dry needling is founded on modern understanding of human anatomy and pathophysiology and on modern scientific research, drawing heavily on leading edge neurological research using modern imaging techniques such as functional MRIs of the brain and real-time ultrasound.

Total Sports Therapy North Phoenix/Anthem/Tramanto office offers both Integrative Dry Needling and Functional Dry Needling (FDN).  Dry needling is a skilled technique performed by a physical therapist using filiform needles to penetrate the skin and/or underlying tissues to affect change in body structures and functions for the evaluation and management of neuromusculoskeletal conditions, pain, movements impairements and disability (FOSBPT 2015).  Dry needling is classified as an evidence based modern Western medical modality that is not based on Traditional Chinese Medical acupuncture.  Dry needling has it’s own unique theoretical concepts, terminology, techniques and clinical applications, completely separate from Chinese acupuncture.  In result, most insurances cover dry needling as a physical therapy modalitiy.


Integrative Dry Needling, combined with physical therapy treatment, has been effective in treating the following conditions:dry-needling-small

  • Acute and chronic tendonitis
  • Athletic and sports-related overuse injuries
  • Post-surgical pain
  • Neurological symptoms such as Bells Palsy and Shingles
  • Chronic pain conditions
  • Headaches and whiplash
  • Neck/lower back pain
  • Frozen shoulder
  • Tennis/golfers elbow
  • Muscle spasms
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Sciatica
  • Hip pain
  • Knee Pain
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Repetitive strain injuries
  • TMJ
  • Many other neuromusculoskeletal conditions

To learn more about Dry Needling visit our Frequently Asked Questions page.

For more information contact Joe Gazo, PT at our Total Sports Therapy North Phoenix location.